Proposal 5 would require a 2/3 supermajority vote of the Michigan House and Senate, or the vote of the people to increase taxes.
"The presumption behind Proposal 5 is that there should be a higher test within state government before taxes are raised," said Craig Ruff, senior policy fellow at Public Sector Consultants.
However, opponents say this could hurt not only the state, but also local communities.
"Opponents of Proposal 5 say those kind of supermajorities are very difficult to obtain in modern political era," Ruff said.
Opponents say state government may have to cut services during difficult times if they cannot levy more taxes to balance the budget. Local municipalities like the City of Jackson came out against Prop 5 saying they could be the ones to suffer if the state doesn't have enough money.
If Proposal 5 passes, the supermajority vote would only affect state taxes and not fees or local taxes.