Medical Breakthroughs: AIDS

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A study published in the August issue of Preventative Medicine finds most sexually active single women aren't aware of the their risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease (STD).

Researchers say doctors and other health professionals need to spend more time talking to young women about STD risk factors, and emphasize the consequences of unprotected sex and promote the use of condoms.

A phone survey of 1,210 women found more than 75-percent of them did not see themselves at risk for an STD even though they admitted having unprotected sex in the last three months.

The survey included students and non-students aged 18 to 25. They were all unmarried, sexually active, not pregnant and heterosexual.

Meanwhile, the CDC reports an increase in AIDS cases for the first time in 10 years. Last year, more than 42,000 new AIDS cases were diagnosed in the U.S., up more than two-percent from the previous year.

Health experts say the problem is, a new generation of sexually active Americans don't remember how devastating the AIDS epidemic was in the 1980s and are now complacent about safe sex.

There also seems to be a lack of concern since more HIV positive people are living longer with drug treatments.